The Cracow’s Jews

krakow

When we think of “Kazimierz” we say “Jewish culture”. Many people wants to visit the city, get to know all the city’s secrets and find a nice hostel for groups of individual customers. Obviously, the quarter has a memory of thousands who died in death camps or emigrated to Israel after the Warld War II.

The history of the quarter

In 1335 Polish King Casimir the Great funded a city in his name. It was situated South of Cracow. In these times the tows were separated by a river.

Kazimierz grew and prospered. By the end of XV century many Cracow’s merchants were of Jewish faith, they were the ones who were banished from the city and forced to stay in Kaziemierz. This event forever changes the history of the town. Jews transform the city into a historical place – they trade, get rich, build houses and synagogues. Both cities grow until the end of XVIII century when the borders are no longer visible and they are combined into one city.

Those, who are gone

The Jews are still present in Kaziemirz. The vast majority was transported to ghettoes and then, Hitler invaded Poland and started to implement his criminal ideology. Most of these Jews would end their lives in the death camps or the nearby Auschwitz-Birkenau. It is close enough for the descendants of the murdered to come and pay their respects, even from Israel.

After the war Kazimierz fell into decay, but it was slowly restored to it’s former glory. The quarter has it’s tourist potential and the closeness to the Old Town and Wawel hill is a sure asset.

Kazimierz krakow

What can we find in the Kazimierz?

Kaziemierz is a typical tourist place. Similar to the Old Town, it’s full of pubs and cafes, one of the most famous one is “U Fryzjera” where we can taste the Jewish cuisine.

Except of restaurants the place is full of old synagogues. In the present the only regular church service is in Rem Synagogue by Szeroka 40 street. The building is from the XVI century and until modern times was renovated many times. A century earlier the Old Synagogue was built but now it is used as a Jewish culture museum.

Festival

If you wish to know the Jewish culture more, save the date in the calendar for the annual Jewish culture festival. What may catch your attention is the Cementary and The Great Mykwa. The latter is a XVI century bath house.

Accommodation in Cracow

If we wish to “touch the history of such a remarkable city as Cracow you should spend here a little bit more time. Search for a place that is close to all the main attractions and is relatively cheap with high standard. The perfect example of such place is Draggo House – a Krakow hostel in the Old Town by Gołębia street.

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